UGANDA: Bunabumali Orphan & Needy Project

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Bunabumali  village local council located approximately 30kms, and is composed of three villages: namely Bunabumali. It is located in Buwali Parish Bubiita Sub county in Bududa District.

Bunabumali  is part of the famous area being hit with landslides in Mbale Region that suffered the highest death of people. Bunabumali  is estimated to have 3,440 people, 160 households with an average of about 9 persons per household and 913 adults in total. The entire Local council has about 250 households. The local council has 10 persons in its leadership.

Back ground.

Poverty in Uganda is a major problem that is manifested by low levels of household productivity, poor income, food insecurity and reproductive wastage.  This has led to poor health, low levels of education, poor housing and a decreased life expectancy to 40 years.

Over 85% of Uganda’s population lives in rural areas where agriculture is a major contributor to their livelihoods. In addition, the agriculture sector contributes 36.4% of the national GDP as of the financial year 2004/5. The agriculture sector therefore presents a great opportunity for poverty reduction because it employs about 77% of the total active labour force in the rural areas. Hence the centrality of agriculture sector in improving livelihoods of the poor. Malnutrition and food insecurity remain significant issues, over 43% of deaths of children under 5 years in Ugandan are attributed in partly to malaria and malnutrition. In the rural Uganda, only 40% of people have access to safe water, dirty water is a major cause of ill health. As a result therefore, this community development programme seeks to bridge knowledge and capacity gaps in the areas of health, water and sanitation, energy and sustainable agriculture.

Sources of livelihood:

The main source of livelihood is agriculture, which is mainly the growing of food crops like potatoes, coffee,  and cassava (sold off for cash). And coffee is the main cash crop in Uganda and it’s one season in Bunabumali area.


Age distribution:
0-4      years 19.2%
5-15    years 27.9%
16-45 years 49.3%
65+ years 3.6%
Population aged 6+ years that never attended school
Female 53.8%
Male 31.6%
House holds by type of fuel for lighting
Electricity 0.0%
Paraffin 100%
House hold by type of fuel for cooking
Electricity/Gas 0.0%
Charcoal 1.5 %
Firewood 98.5%
Household having access to safe drinking water
Piped water 0.0%
Borehole 0.01%
Well 99.09%
House hold by main source of livelihood
Subsistence farming 83.8%
Commercial farming 8.7%
Trading 3.1%
Employment Income 1.7%
Family support 2.7%
Mortality Rates
Life Expectancy 48. Years
Infant mortality 97 per 1000
Probability of death before 5 years 14.55


Statement of the problem:

The majority of the village engages in subsistence agriculture leaving no means of earning money to purchase high quality protein to supplement the diet.  Hunger results in high susceptibility to disease, lack of energy, and in extreme cases lack of full development of the mind and body.

Therefore, this project seeks to provide basic elements of food security, clean water, energy, health and hunger prevention to Bunabumali  village, Bududa district, in Uganda. The main objective of this project is to improve the livelihoods of the community through increase awareness on the causes of the problems and to design mechanisms of reducing the burden of poverty but also provide them with some of the basic tools to lift themselves out of poverty.


A poverty, disease and hunger free community that is able to sustainable manage its natural resource base for improved livelihoods


To contribute to improved livelihoods through practicing basic community health care and sustainable soil and water conservation technologies.

Goals of the project:

1. To secure access to safe drinking water and hygienic acceptable (basic) sanitary for the whole village.
2. To secure access to electricity through renewable energy for the whole village (Incl. Houses, orphanage, school, health center, gesture house … etc).
3. To improve the cooking situation in the village through the use of efficient cooking stoves (solar cookers, biogas-powered cooker… etc)
4. To improve of food security and the procurement of additional income opportunities by building a Solarbäkerei. (Within a radius of 25km no Bakery exists in the region, where 10,000 people live.)

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